posed by Richard B. Boddie
answer by Imad-ad-Dean Ahmad, Ph.D.
Q. Where is the "balance" in Islam (re: killing,
A. The balance is in the Qur'an:
"To those against whom war is made permission is given (to fight) because they are wronged and verily God is Most powerful for their aid. (They are) those who have been expelled from their homes in defiance of right (for no cause) except that they say 'Our Lord is God.' Did not God check one set of people by means of another there would surely have been pulled down monasteries, churches, synagogues, and mosques in which the name of God is commemorated in abundant measure. God will certainly aid those who aid His (cause); for verily God is Full of Strength Exalted in Might (Able to enforce His Will)." (22:39-40)
"Fight in the cause of God those who fight you but do not aggress; for God loves not aggressors. And slay them wherever you catch them and turn them out from where they have turned you out; for tumult and oppression are worse than slaughter; but fight them not at the Sacred Mosque unless they (first) fight you there; but if they fight you slay them. Such is the reward of those who suppress faith. But if they cease God is Oft-Forgiving Most Merciful. And fight them on until there is no more tumult or oppression and there prevail justice and faith in Allah; but if they cease let there be no hostility except to those who practice oppression." (2:190-193)
"Against them make ready your strength to the utmost of your power including steeds of war to deter the enemies of God and your enemies and others besides whom you may not know but whom God knows. Whatever you shall spend in the cause of God shall be repaid unto you and you shall not be treated unjustly. But if the enemy incline towards peace do you (also) incline towards peace and trust in God: for He is the one that hears and knows (all things). Should they intend to deceive you truly God is sufficient for you: He it is that has strengthened you with his aid and with (the company of) the believers. And (moreover) He has put affection between their hearts: not if you had spent all that is in the earth could you have produced that affection but God has done it: for He is Exalted in might Wise." (8:60-63)
"And the Firmament has He raised high and He has set up the balance (of Justice) in order that you may not transgress (due) balance. So establish weight with justice and fall not short in the balance." (55:7-9)